Civil, Property, Family Laws

Business Operations allowed under ECQ and GCQ

On 30 April 2020, the President signed Executive Order No. 112 adopting IATF Resolutions Nos. 30 and 30-A, which provides guidelines and the imposition/extension of community quarantine in certain areas in the Philippines. The following shall take effect on 01 May 2020 (12:01 am) until 15 May 2020 (11:59 pm), unless otherwise announced:

Enhanced Community Quarantine (ECQ)

General Community Quarantine (GCQ)


The following high-risk administrative areas:

  1. National Capital Region
  2. Region III (Central Luzon) except Aurora Province
  3. Region IV-A (CALABARZON)
  4. Pangasinan Province
  5. Benguet Province
  6. Iloilo Province
  7. Cebu Province
  8. Bacolod City
  9. City of Davao City
  10. Albay Province
  11. Zamboanga City

All other areas of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.

General Guidelines

  1. Minimum public health standards shall be complied with.
  2. Strict home quarantine shall be observed except for accessing essential goods and services, and for work in permitted offices or establishments.
  1. Minimum public health standards shall be complied with.
  2. Movement of persons shall be limited to accessing essential goods and services, and for work in the permitted industries and establishments. Movement for leisure purposes are still prohibited.

Industries/Services Allowed to Operate

  • All agencies and instrumentalities of the government
  • Officials and employees of foreign diplomatic missions and international organizations accredited by the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), whenever performing diplomatic functions and subject to guidelines issued by the DFA
  • Agriculture, fisheries, forestry
  • Manufacturing and Processing Plants and value chain of:
    • Basic Food Products (maximum of 50% operational capacity, unless authorized by DTI)
    • Essential Products (maximum of 50% operational capacity, unless authorized by DTI)
    • Medicine (full operational capacity)
    • Medical Supplies (full operational capacity)
    • Pet food
  • Services
    • Medical
    • Dental, Optometry clinics (required to wear PPEs and with strict health standards)
    • Pharmacies, Drug Stores
    • Retail (Groceries, Convenience Stores, Public Markets)
    • Food Preparations and Water Refilling Stations
    • Logistics Service Providers
    • Delivery Services, including e-commerce platform
    • Power, Energy, Water, IT, Waste Disposal
    • Electricity, Air Conditioning Supply
    • Employees of Philippine Postal Corporation at a capacity necessary to maintain the prompt delivery of services to its clients
    • Water collection, treatment, supply
    • Waste collection, treatment, disposal (except junk shops)
    • Sewerage (except emptying of septic tanks)
    • Veterinary
    • Repair and installation of machinery and equipment
    • Repair of computers and personal and household goods
    • Manpower services for essential activities
    • Security and investigation
    • Programming and broadcasting
    • Rental and leasing
    • Accommodation for quarantine facilities
    • Gasoline stations, Extraction of Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas
    • Laundry Shops including self-service
    • Funeral Services (with temporary accommodations and transportation)
    • Airline and aircraft maintenance employees, subject to further guidelines by DOTr
    • Media establishments (maximum 50% of permanent staff)
    • Construction workers accredited by DPWH for facilities identified for quarantine and isolation
    • Authorized humanitarian assistance personnel from civil society organizations, non-government organizations, and United Nations-Humanitarian Country Teams, as well as individuals performing relief operations to augment the government’s response against COVID-19 and other disasters or calamities that may occur; provided that they are authorized by the appropriate government agency or LGU.
    • Pastors, priests, and other religious ministers for necrological or funeral rites.
    • Philippine Statistics Authority at a capacity necessary to conduct data gathering and survey activities related to COVID-19 and the registration and implementation of the national ID system
  • Banks, money transfer services, microfinance institutions, excluding pawnshops not performing money transfer, credit cooperatives, including their armored vehicle services, if any
  • Capital marketsTelecommunication companies, internet service providers, cable television providers, including employees of third-party contractors doing sales, installation, maintenance and repair works
  • Export
    • Export Companies (with temporary accommodations and transportation; work from home)
    • BPOs (with temporary accommodations and transportation; work from home)
    • Philippine Offshore Gaming Operators (POGOs) may partially open up to 30% of manpower;[1] and
    • Mining and Quarrying

Category I (full operational capacity):

  • Agriculture, fishery, forestry
  • Food manufacturing and food supply chain
  • Food retail (Groceries, Convenience Stores, Public Markets)
  • Food preparation (take-out)
  • Health-related establishments
  • Logistics
  • Information technology
  • Telecommunication companies
  • Media

Category II (50% to full operational capacity, without prejudice to work from home or other work arrangements):

  • Mining and other manufacturing
  • Export-oriented
  • Electronic commerce companies
  • Housing and office services
  • Repair and Maintenance

Category III (maximum of 50% operational capacity, without prejudice to work from home or other work arrangements)

  • Financial services
  • BPOs
  • Legal and Accounting
  • Auditing
  • Professional, Scientific, Technical
  • Barbershops, salons, personal care services (with strict health standards)
  • Other non-leisure services
  • Other non-leisure wholesale and retail establishments

Malls and shopping centers shall be allowed to operate on a limited capacity but not for leisure purposes.

Essential public and private construction projects, such as but not limited to sewerage, water services facilities, and digital works, and health facilities, and priority projects in accordance with DPWH guidelines.

Public transportation (road, rail, maritime, aviation) shall operate at a reduced capacity, provided social distancing measures are observed.

Accredited diplomatic missions and international organizations (up to 50% operational capacity).

Industries/Services NOT Allowed to Operate

  • Hotels and similar establishments except those providing basic lodging for:
    • Guests who have existing long-term bookings;
    • Distressed Overseas Filipino Workers and stranded Filipinos or foreign nationals.
    • Repatriated OFWs in compliance with approved quarantine protocols.
    • Non-OFWs who may be required to undergo mandatory facility-based quarantine.
    • Health care workers and other employees from exempted establishments under these Omnibus Guidelines and applicable Memoranda from the Executive Secretary.
  • Gyms/Fitness studios and Sports Facilities
  • Entertainment-related mass gatherings (i.e. concerts, theaters, bars)
  • Business-related mass gatherings (i.e. conferences, retreats, conventions)
  • Politically-related mass gatherings (i.e. parades, speeches)
  • Sports-related mass gatherings (i.e. tournaments, trainings)
  • Libraries, museums, cultural activities
  • Gambling and betting
  • Travel agencies
  • Religious gatherings[2]
  • Physical classes at all levels
  • Public transportation except commissioned shuttle services for permitted offices and establishments
  • Physical classes at all levels. Higher Education Institutions may hold classes through flexible learning arrangements and may operate at a limited capacity to receive requirements and issue credentials, subject to CHED guidelines.

Authority to Lift ECQ and GCQ

Only the following have the authority to impose, lift, or extend the community quarantine:

  • For highly-urbanized cities and independent component cities – the IATF;
  • For component cities and municipalities – the Provincial Governors with the concurrence of relevant regional counterpart body of the IATF; and
  • For cities and municipalities – the Local Chief Executives with the concurrence of relevant regional counterpart body of the IATF.

This amends paragraph (B) of IATF Resolution No. 29. Now, LGUs cannot declare its own community quarantine without the concurrence of the IATF. The IATF, on the other hand, may directly impose, extend, or lift the Community Quarantine in all areas, should the circumstances call for it.

Click to read the following issuances:

Click here to read the related article Luzon-wide Enhanced Community Quarantine: Basic Do’s and Don’ts.

[1] Per announcement by Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) Chairman Andrea Domingo.

[2] Per announcement by Presidential Spokesperson Harry Roque on 01 May 2020.

This article has been updated by the article Business Operations Allowed Under ECQ, MECQ, GCQ, and MGCQ.

Disclaimer: The information in this website is provided for general informational purposes only. No information contained in this post should be construed as legal advice from Platon Martinez or the individual author, nor is it intended to be a substitute for legal counsel on any subject matter. No reader of this post should act or refrain from acting on the basis of any information included in, or accessible through this post without seeking the appropriate legal or other professional advice on the particular facts and circumstances.