Civil, Property, Family Laws

Business Operations allowed under ECQ and GCQ

Updated as of 04 June 2020

The IATF Omnibus Guidelines, as amended, enumerates the industries and business operations permitted to operate under the different community quarantine levels.

On 29 May 2020, IATF issued Resolution No. 41 providing the latest risk-level classifications, effective 01 June to 15 June 2020, as follows:

General Community Quarantine (GCQ)

(Moderate-risk)

Modified General Community Quarantine (MGCQ)

(Low-risk)

Areas

Luzon

  1. All Highly-Urbanized Cities (HUCs) of NCR
  2. Municipality of Pateros
  3. Pangasinan
  4. Region II – Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, Santiago City;
  5. Region III – Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, Zambales, Angeles City, Olongapo City;
  6. Region IV – A – Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal, Quezon, Lucena City.

Visayas

  1. Region VII – Bohol, Cebu, Negros Oriental, Siquijor, Cebu City, Mandaue City, Lapu-Lapu City.


Mindanao

  1. Zamboanga City;
  2. Davao City

Luzon

  1. Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) – Abra, Apayao, Baguio, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province;
  2. Region I – Ilocos Norte,Ilocos Sur, La Union, Dagupan City;
  3. Region IV-B – Marinduque, Occidental Mindoro, Oriental Mindoro, Romblon, Palawan, Puerto Princesa City;
  4. Region V – Albay, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Catanduanes, Masbate, Sorsogon, Legazpi City, Naga City

Visayas

  1. Region VI – Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Guimaras, Iloilo, Negros Occidental, Iloilo City, Bacolod City;
  2. Region VIII –Biliran, Eastern Samar, Leyte, Northern Samar, Western Samar, Southern Leyte, Ormoc City, Tacloban City.

Mindanao

  1. Region IX – Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga Sibugay, Isabela City;
  2. Region X – Bukidnon, Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Cagayan de Oro City;
  3. Region XI – Davao de Oro, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Occidental, Davao Oriental;
  4. Region XII – North Cotabato, South Cotabato, Sarangani, Sultan Kudarat, General Santos City;
  5. Region XIII (Caraga) – Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Dinagat Islands, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Butuan City;
  6. Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) – Basilan, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi, Cotabato City.

Enhanced Community Quarantine

(ECQ)

Modified Enhanced Community Quarantine (MECQ)

(High-risk)

General Community Quarantine (GCQ)

(Moderate-risk)

Modified General Community Quarantine (MGCQ)

(Low-risk)

General Guidelines

  1. Minimum public health standards shall be complied with.
  2. Strict home quarantine shall be observed except for accessing essential goods and services, and for work in permitted offices or establishments.
  3. The following are required to remain at home at all times except if indispensable for work in permitted industries and activities, or for obtaining essential goods and services:
    1. Those below 21 years of age;
    2. Those 60 years old and above;
    3. Those with immunodeficiency, comorbidities, other health risks, pregnant women;
    4. Those who reside with the aforementioned.
  4. Only gatherings essential for the provision of government services or authorized humanitarian activities shall be allowed.
  5. Face to face or in-person classes shall be suspended.
  1. Minimum public health standards shall be complied with.
  2. Strict home quarantine shall be observed except for accessing essential goods and services, and for work in permitted offices or establishments.
  3. The following are required to remain at home at all times except if indispensable for work in permitted industries and activities, or for obtaining essential goods and services:
    1. Those below 21 years of age;
    2. Those 60 years old and above;
    3. Those with immunodeficiency, comorbidities, other health risks, pregnant women;
    4. Those who reside with the aforementioned.
  4. Limited outdoor exercise will be allowed (i.e. outdoor walk, jog/run, bike) with safety protocols such as wearing masks and 2-meter distancing.
  5. Religious gatherings shall be highly restricted with a maximum of 5 people, unless otherwise modified.
  6. Mass gatherings shall be prohibited except for provision of critical government services and authorized humanitarian activities.
  7. Public transport is still prohibited.
  8. Limited international flights are allowed.
  9. No inter-island travel.
  10. School premises shall remain closed.
  1. Minimum public health standards shall be complied with.
  2. Movement of persons shall be limited to accessing essential goods and services, and for work in the permitted industries and establishments. Movement for leisure purposes are still prohibited.
  3. The following are required to remain at home at all times except if indispensable for work in permitted industries and activities, or for obtaining essential goods and services:
    1. Those below 21 years of age;
    2. Those 60 years old and above;
    3. Those with immunodeficiency, comorbidities, other health risks, pregnant women;
    4. Those who reside with the aforementioned.
  4. Outdoor non-contact sports such as golf, tennis, skateboarding, badminton shall be allowed. Operations of club houses or similar establishments shall be limited to basic operations.
  5. Religious gatherings shall be restricted with a maximum of 10 people, unless otherwise modified.
  6. Mass gatherings shall be prohibited except for provision of critical government services and authorized humanitarian activities.
  7. Public transport will be allowed with strict safe distancing.
  8. Inter-island travel from one area under GCQ to another area under GCQ are allowed, provided that safety protocols are observed.
  9. School may have skeletal workforce to process requirements from students and to prepare for graduation and the next semester.
  10. Opening for classes for basic education is targeted at 24 August 2020 and shall end on 30 April 2021.
  11. Higher education institutions are encouraged to change their academic calendar and open in August 2020.
  1. Minimum public health standards shall be complied with.
  2. All persons shall be allowed outside their residence.
  3. Individual and group outdoor exercises shall be allowed provided minimum public health standards are observed.
  4. Religious gatherings shall be allowed under such guidelines as the IATF may subsequently issue.
  5. Mass gatherings shall be allowed provided participants shall be limited to 50% of the venue capacity.
  6. Alternative work arrangements should be made for persons 60 years old and above, those with health risks, and pregnant women.
  7. Public transportation shall be allowed in accordance with DOTr guidelines.
  8. Higher Education Institutions may conduct residential or face to face classes provided health standards are observed.
  9. Mass gatherings in such institutions are still prohibited.
  10. Indoor and outdoor non-contact sports shall be allowed provided no sharing of equipment.

Industries/Services Allowed to Operate

Category I

ECQ

MECQ

GCQ

MGCQ

  • Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries

  • Manufacturing of essential goods
    • Food and beverages (non-alcoholic)
    • Hygiene
    • Medicines and vitamins
    • Medical products (i.e. masks)
    • Pet food, feeds, fertilizers

(only for manufacturers of medicines, medical supplies, equipment)

For others - Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% operational capacity

  • Hospitals and clinics (non-aesthetic)

(for public and private hospitals, dialysis centers, chemotherapy centers, and the like)

For others (dental, rehabilitation, optometry, etc.)–

With skeleton workforce

  • Essential retail (i.e. drug stores, groceries)

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% operational capacity

  • Laundry shops

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% operational capacity

  • Food preparation and water-refilling: take-out and delivery only

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% operational capacity

  • Logistics service providers

  • Delivery services

  • Utilities: power, energy, water, telecom, aircon, water collection/supply, waste management, sewerage (except septic tank emptying, but including pest control, garbage collection, etc.)

Skeleton workforce only

  • Repair and installation of machinery and equipment

Skeleton workforce only

  • Telecommunications companies

Skeleton workforce only

  • Energy companies (including 3rd party contractors) across transmission, distribution, maintenance, retail, exploration, operations, trading and delivery of raw materials

Skeleton workforce only

  • Gasoline stations

Skeleton workforce only


  • Construction workers accredited by DPWH to work on facilities for healthcare and for risk reduction


Note: DPWH Department Order No. 35 provides the following guidelines:

Prior to deployment

  • Only 21 to 59 years old without pre-existing health conditions are allowed to work
  • Workers to be tested BEFORE starting (funded by contractors)
  • Workers housed in barracks for the project duration and segregated facilities should be provided with private shuttle (not public transport)
  • Quarantine passes should be provided for onsite employees

During deployment

  • More than 1 meter distancing, even in barracks
  • Daily disinfection
  • Minimal errands outside construction site
  • Mandated quarantine for all personnel returning from outside
  • Disposal and deliveries handled by separate team
  • PPEs for all employees
  • Safety Officer to ensure compliance

Skeleton workforce only

  • Manufacturing companies and suppliers of products necessary for construction

Skeleton workforce only

  • Media establishment

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% operational capacity

(without need of PCOO accreditation)

Category II

ECQ

MECQ

GCQ

MGCQ

  • Other manufacturing
    • Beverages (i.e. alcoholic drinks)
    • Electrical Machinery
    • Wood products, furniture
    • Non-metallic products
    • Textiles/Wearing apparels
    • Tobacco products
    • Paper and Paper products
    • Rubber and Plastic products
    • Coke and Refined Petroleum products
    • Other non-metallic mineral products
    • Computer, Electronic and Optical Products
    • Electrical Equipment
    • Machinery and Equipment
    • Motor Vehicles, Trailers and Semi-Trailers
    • Other Transport Equipment
    • Others

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

Anywhere between 50% to full operational capacity

  • Airline and aircraft maintenance, pilots, crew, employees of aviation schools for purposes of pilot’s recurrent training for flight proficiency; ship captains and crew (including shipyard operations and repairs)

Skeleton workforce only

  • Cement and steel

Skeleton workforce only

  • Mining and quarrying

Skeleton workforce only

Anywhere between 50% to full operational capacity

  • Electronic commerce companies

Anywhere between 50% to full operational capacity

  • Postal, courier, and delivery services

Skeleton workforce only

  • Export-oriented companies: work-from-home, on-site or near-site accommodation, or point-to-point shuttles

Skeleton workforce only

  • Real estate activities

Skeleton workforce only (limited to leasing only)

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • Public and private construction projects which are essential (i.e. sewerage, digital works, health facilities) and priority (i.e. food production, water utilities, BPO)

Skeleton workforce only

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • Repair of computers and personal household goods

Skeleton workforce only

Anywhere between 50% to full operational capacity

  • Housing service activities

Anywhere between 50% to full operational capacity

  • Office administrative and office support (i.e. photocopying, billing)

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • Special purpose accommodation for healthcare workers, OFWs, workers in permitted sectors, and non-OFWs with mandated quarantine

  • Hotels and similar establishments that are accommodating the following are allowed to operate:
    • Guests who have existing long-term bookings;
    • Distressed OFWs and stranded Filipinos or foreign nationals;
    • Repatriated OFWs in compliance with quarantine protocols;
    • Non-OFWs required to undergo mandatory quarantine;
    • Health care workers and other employees from exempted establishments;
    • Those with existing booking accommodations for foreigners as of 17 May 2020 (in Luzon) or 01 May 2020 (for outside Luzon).

With restriction that only basic lodging is allowed to be provided by skeleton workforce

With restriction that only basic lodging is allowed

With restriction that only basic lodging is allowed

  • Funeral and embalming services

Skeleton workforce only (provided there are shuttling service and/or housing accommodations)

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • Veterinary clinics

Skeleton workforce only

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • Security and investigation activities

Skeleton workforce only

  • BPO: work from home, on-site or near site accommodation, or point-to-point shuttles

Skeleton workforce only

(without need to set up onsite accommodation arrangements)

  • Banks, money transfer services, microfinance institutions, or pawnshops, and credit cooperatives

Skeleton workforce only

  • Capital markets (i.e. SEC, BSP, PDTC)

Skeleton workforce only

  • Other financial services (i.e. money exchange, insurance)

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% operational capacity

  • Legal and accounting

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% operational capacity

  • Management consultancy activities

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% operational capacity

  • Architecture and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% operational capacity

  • Scientific and research development

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% operational capacity

  • Humanitarian assistance personnel from civil society organizations, NGOs, UN-Humanitarian Country teams, individuals performing relief operations; Provided they are authorized by the appropriate government agency or LGU.

Skeleton workforce only

  • Pastors, priests, rabbis, imams, other religious ministers whose movement shall be related to the conduct of necrological or funeral rites. Individual immediate family members of the deceased who died from COVID-19 are allowed to move from their residence to attend the wake or interment upon satisfactory proof of relationship with the deceased.

Skeleton workforce only

  • Printing presses authorized by the BIR or other governmental agencies to print accountable forms

Skeleton workforce only

  • E-commerce companies

  • Rental and leasing (other than for real estate)

  • Other postal and courier services

  • Employment activities involving recruitment and placement for permitted sectors

Category III

ECQ

MECQ

GCQ

MGCQ

  • Malls and commercial centers (non-leisure only)

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

Limited operations

  • Dining/Restaurants (delivery and take-out only)

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

Dine-in services partially allowed: Maximum of 50% seating capacity

  • Barbershops and salons (limited to basic hair cutting services)

Partially allowed starting 07 June 2020:

Maximum of 30% operational capacity. A gradual increase of up to 50% operational capacity may be scheduled every two weeks, subject to DTI protocols and IATF assessment.

Partially allowed: Maximum of 50% operational capacity and up to 100% after 3 weeks.

  • Hardware stores

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • Clothing and accessories

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • Mall-based government frontline services

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • Bookstores and school and office supplies stores

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • Baby care supplies stores

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • Pet food and pet care supplies

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • IT, communications, and electronic equipment

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • Flower, jewelry, novelty, antique, perfume shops

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

  • Toy store (but playgrounds and amusement area should be closed)

Partially allowed: Maximum capacity of 50% On-site

Category IV

ECQ

MECQ

GCQ

MGCQ

  • Gyms/fitness studios and sports facilities

Maximum of 50% operational capacity

  • Entertainment industries (i.e. cinemas, theaters, bars)

Maximum of 50% operational capacity

  • Kid amusement industries (i.e. playrooms)

Maximum of 50% operational capacity

  • Libraries, archives, museums, cultural centers

Maximum of 50% operational capacity

  • Tourist destinations (i.e. resorts)

Maximum of 50% operational capacity

  • Travel agencies, tour operators, reservation service and related activities

Maximum of 50% operational capacity

  • Personal care services (i.e. massage parlors, facial care)

Maximum of 50% operational capacity

OTHER SECTORS/ACTIVITIES

ECQ

MECQ

GCQ

MGCQ

Government

Philippine Postal Corporation: operational capacity necessary to maintain prompt delivery

Philippine Statistics Authority: operational capacity necessary for data gathering related to COVID-19

Others: Skeleton workforce as approved by agency head unless different operational capacity is required

Skeletal workforce on-site; Others work from home

Alternative work arrangements (i.e. 40 hours, 4-day workweek)

Full operational capacity or alternative work arrangements, as the agencies deem appropriate

Foreign diplomatic missions and international organizations accredited by the DFA

Skeleton workforce only

Skeleton workforce only

Skeleton workforce only

Full operational capacity

Transportation

  • Public
    • Rail (PNR, LRT, MRT)
    • Bus
    • Jeepney
    • Taxi
    • TNVS
    • Tricycle
    • Public shuttle

(except for commissioned shuttles provided by the government)

(except for Public shuttles provided by the government for front-liners)

  • Private
    • Company shuttle (LTFRB permit)
    • Personal vehicle
    • Bicycle (1 person max)
    • Motorcycle (1 person max)
    • E-scooter (1 person max)

(except for commissioned shuttles provided by the permitted employers)

(for Personal vehicles- only for permitted sectors/activities, and 2 persons per row)


Authority to Lift ECQ and GCQ

Only the following have the authority to impose, lift, or extend the community quarantine:

  • For highly-urbanized cities and independent component cities – the IATF;
  • For component cities and municipalities – the Provincial Governors with the concurrence of relevant regional counterpart body of the IATF; and
  • For cities and municipalities – the Local Chief Executives with the concurrence of relevant regional counterpart body of the IATF.

This amends paragraph (B) of IATF Resolution No. 29. Now, LGUs cannot declare its own community quarantine without the concurrence of the IATF. The IATF, on the other hand, may directly impose, extend, or lift the Community Quarantine in all areas, should the circumstances call for it.


Click to read the entire text of the following issuances:


Click here to read the related article Luzon-wide Enhanced Community Quarantine: Basic Do’s and Don’ts.


Disclaimer: The information in this website is provided for general informational purposes only. No information contained in this post should be construed as legal advice from Platon Martinez or the individual author, nor is it intended to be a substitute for legal counsel on any subject matter. No reader of this post should act or refrain from acting on the basis of any information included in, or accessible through this post without seeking the appropriate legal or other professional advice on the particular facts and circumstances.